Multiple NPNs can also be combined into a single group NPN for an organisation with multiple sites in the same or multiple countries.

Many companies and organisations are investigating NPNs for their Internet of Things (IoT) networks or to ensure localised control of vital services as they migrate to what is often referred to as Industry 4.0. Automation of industry is increasing productivity and NPNs can provide connectivity into all corners of the organisation’s operations, giving management teams accurate and up to date information at all times.


Quality of a Non Public Network

Quality of Service and Network Coverage, especially in-building, are often the core reasons for companies to consider a dedicated NPNs.

Providing good in-building mobile service from outdoors is often fraught with problems in older buildings with brick interior walls that block coverage, and even modern constructions due to the use of coated (low-emissivity) glass windows, which degrades radio waves entering the building.

NPNs give organisations control over the quality of their own connectivity although it could be beneficial to have support from a third party supplier or Mobile Network Operator (MNO) to help configure, optimise and to operationally manage the NPN ensuring the organisation’s Service Level Agreement (SLA) is achieved at all times.



Cyber Security is a critical requirement and for many companies that require their own dedicated security credentials.

A Non Public Network can be isolated from external networks and reside behind corporate firewalls. In house security protocols can also be tailored for the private mobile network, aligning with internal IT security policy and usage.



There is more than one spectrum option for Non Public Networks and the frequency bands available are usually dependent on the regulatory conditions set out for each country.

  • NPN is deployed in conjunction with a public network provider (MNO) and uses shared licensed spectrum. Some country regulators support the sharing of licensed spectrum and MNOs are starting to support certain NPN deployments.
  • NPN is deployed as a stand-alone network using licensed spectrum that may be allocated on a localised basis to support the business needs of industry. Regulators are increasingly considering this option for parts of 5G spectrum allocations.
  • NPN is deployed as a stand-alone network using unlicensed spectrum. The 6 GHz spectrum band is an example of an unlicensed band that could be used for a Non Public Network.

GSA Reporting on NPN

GSA reports extensively on mobile devices, technologies, networks and spectrum via its reports.

The first Private LTE-5G report was published in February 2020 and additional reports will be produced as this area of the industry develops.

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