The fifth generation of mobile communications technology (5G) represents the main direction of future network development. It promises to enable the transition from broadband interconnection between people to the connectivity of everything, while reshaping the way we live and work.
On December 20th, 2017, 3GPP published the first 5G New Radio (NR) standards at its 78th RAN plenary meeting in Lisbon, Portugal and 3GPP approved the standalone version of the 5G NR standard at the plenary meeting on June 14th, 2018. This release sets out the technical specifications of NR in the first phase of 5G deployment, speeding up 5G’s commercial use.
More than 20 global operators have begun to set up 5G first office application (FOA) sites or pre-commercial sites. Various services, such as virtual reality (VR) and telemedicine, will flourish in a new, intelligent fully connected world. As the majority of daily activities take place indoors, the industry urgently requires the critical tasks of further research into 5G’s services requirements and a deeper exploration into viable network deployment strategies.